What You Need To Know About Fabrics

Are you looking for fabrics? There are two main types of fabrics that you can go with: knitted and woven. Knitted fabrics are created when you intertwine loops of fibers around each other. Knitted fabrics are usually soft and stretchy. Excellent examples of outfits made from knitted fabrics are: jumpers, t-shirts and leggings.

 

Woven fabrics on the other hand are created in the same way as carpets and tapestries and they are woven on a loom. A basic weave consists of two thread sets: warp and weft. The warp thread runs vertically while the weft thread runs horizontally. A major characteristic of woven fabrics is that they are crisp, rigid and only stretch diagonally.

 

Fibers Used In Making Fabrics

 

Fabrics are made from different types of fibers. The most common ones are:

 

Natural fibers:

Natural fibers are either plant based or animal products. Plant based fibers include: cotton and linen. Animal products include: wool and silk.

 

Synthetic:

Synthetic fibers include: nylon, acrylic and polyester. In most cases, synthetic fibers are blended with natural fibers in order to add strength and durability. There are some people who add natural fibers in order to make the fibers wrinkle resistant.

 

Hybrid fibers:

These are fibers that can’t be said to be natural or synthetic. A good example is viscose that is derived from plant cellulose. Since cellulose is processed, it can’t be said to be natural-it also can’t be said to be synthetic. Viscose is an excellent substitute for silk. You can also use it instead of wool, cotton or linen.

 

Weight of the Fabric

 

Weight is very important in fabrics as it determines how suitable they will be for a given outfit. Weight also determines how easy you will be able to work with the fabric in order to make your desired clothing.

 

Fabrics can be classified as light, medium or heavy in weight. Lightweight fabrics are those made with fine, light fibers. These fabrics usually weigh 1-3 ounces per yard. Great examples include: chiffon, voile and organza.

 

Medium weight fabrics weigh 4-7 ounces per yard and include: silk, cotton, linen and wool.

 

Heavyweight fabrics weigh over 7 ounces per yard and their thick nature makes them difficult to penetrate with a needle. Great examples are denim and corduroy.

 

Conclusion

 

This is what you need to know about fabrics. When buying the fabrics always ensure that you buy them from a reputable store.

 

Jiunn Jang Textile Co., Ltd. is one of the leading knitted fabrics manufacturers in Taiwan and we can provide different kinds of fabrics to meet your demands. If you need more information about knitted fabric or other industrial fabric, welcome to visit the website of Jiunn Jang Textile or contact with us directly!

 

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9067435

 

Glass Fibers and Fiberglass Fabrics Information

Glass fibers and fiberglass fabric consist of bulk, chopped fibers or continuous strands of glass. Glass fibers and fiberglass fabric is used in reinforcing plastics and composites as well as other specialized electrical and thermal applications. Fiberglass cloth is frequently used to reinforce other plastic materials. Glass fiber reinforced plastic (GRP) or glass fiber reinforced epoxy (GRE) are commonly called fiberglass.

 

The glass fiber used to create fiberglass material is made by extruding very thin strands of silica-based monofilament. Glass is a unique amorphous solid, meaning it doesn’t have an underlying crystalline structure in the solid state, but rather behaves like a very viscous liquid. Glass fiber lends itself to woven fabric because the thin fibers can easily bend. Fabric made of glass fibers has high tensile strength, dimensional stability, high heat and fire resistance, as well as resistance to many chemical compounds. Fiberglass fabric is also used to dissipate heat, and has electrical properties that make it useful in electronic components.

 

Applications

Glass fibers and fiberglass fabrics are commonly used in composite construction, including materials used in boat building. Light weight fiberglass cloth is used with a resin to produce a waterproof surface. Heavier woven fiberglass fabric can be used for greater strength and rigidity.

 

Glass fibers and fiberglass fabrics are also used to create combination or specialty fabrics. Glass fibers and fiberglass fabric may be combined with carbon fiber or aramid fibers to make laminates and moldable fabrics for canoes, kayaks, and other high strength, low weight applications.

 

Standards

Glass fibers and fiberglass fabrics must adhere to certain standards and specifications to ensure proper design and functionality.

 

Delphi DX300340 – This specification covers the properties of a Polyamide 6, 40% glass filled, impact resistance modified injection molding grade used for the manufacture of parts that require high stiffness and toughness under extreme conditions (Example: airbag containers).

 

GMW15890 – This specification covers the properties of polypropylene reinforced with long glass fibers. It covers injection molding types for manufacturing of technical parts requiring high structural stiffness.

 

JIS C 6832 – This standard specifies the dimensions, transmission requirements, mechanical requirements, environmental requirements and the test methods of silica glass multimode optical fibers using silica glass as a core and a cladding.

 

Taiwan Electric Insulator Co. Ltd. is a world leading manufacturer of fiberglass fabrics and composite materials, with the technology, knowledge and ability to produce the highest grade composite material to specific customers’ needs and requirements. Welcome to visit TEI’s website to learn more information about fiberglass fabrics, and feel free to contact with us.

 

 

Article Source: http://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/materials_chemicals_adhesives/composites_textiles_reinforcements/glass_fibers_fiberglass_cloth

Keep Families Safe and Backyards Looking Great with a Pool Fence Mesh

When wanting to add a pool fence to your outdoor entertainment space to keep children at bay, you want to add something that is not only durable and secure, but visually appealing and attractive. Pool fence mesh is a great addition to any back yard when in the market for that sustainable product to keep children away from the pool when it is not time to swim. It is visually attractive, durable and a great choice for any final decision in a pool fence that is perfect for you. What it offers is not only security knowing your children will be safe but it looks fabulous. There are so many options when it comes to mesh fencing that you can literally customize it to suit your needs and style. From color to design, it is a great way to add character and charm to any outdoor space.

 

Mesh fencing for any backyard is a great choice. Not only is it strong and secure, but classy. It offers a distinguishing look while keeping your family safe all at the same time. With this as your choice in a pool fence mesh, you decide what suits you and your needs. You know you need durability, but how about height. Many may not consider this when deciding what is right for them. But with mesh as your main choice, you can decide how high you may or may not want your fence to be. You can choose what height you need and what will be suitable at keeping your pool area fenced off from others. This really allows you to be able to appropriately secure that swimming area from young children.

 

Another great option with pool fence meshes is color choice. The most common selection that many go with is black. It is modern and traditional all in one, and gives your space a nice clean look. But, if you are looking at adding a bit of color that is subtle yet charming there are also selections in white and green. Either of those options is great too. Maybe you already have a certain color of fencing surrounding your property. With this option you can customize your pool fence to match the exterior of your home and get a nice put together look around the outside of your home, while maintaining security.

 

Another fabulous feature in customizing your pool fence would be accents. You can make your mesh fencing as subdued as you would like, or have flair and imagination. It can appear to be more rustic and charming, but be made from mesh and be an inexpensive choice at keeping your family safe with charm and sophistication.

 

With the many options that you can go with in adding a pool fence to your outdoor entertainment area, keeping children from harm’s way and you pleased in knowing that they are safe and that you are adding a beautiful outdoor piece. Mesh offers your many selections and the ability to customize for your home and your style easily and inexpensively. Keep your family safe and have a space that looks fabulous doing so.

 

Jiunn Jang is the professional manufacturer of producing pool fence mesh, various types and colors can be provided by us. Welcome to visit the website of Jiunn Jang to learn more information about PVC mesh series and feel free to send inquiry to us.

 

 

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Sara_Conlin/1268333

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6977719

 

Introduction of TPU Coated Fabric – Jiunn Jang Textile Co., Ltd.

Nowadays, more and more people focus on the environmental issue. People use more products which are harmless than they did before. Also, due to the progress of technology, people try to do something that can be more efficient and more competitive. So, Jiunn Jang has developed a product, called TPU Coated Mesh.

 

Our product, TPU coated fabric, is used Polyester Yarn with TPU coating. TPU (Thermoplastic polyurethane) is a kind of environmental and harmless Thermoplastic Elastomers with many properties, including elasticity, rigidity, and wear resistance. Also, the polyester inside TPU is High Tenacity. So, the mesh made of TPU coated polyester is with good resilience, high abrasion resistance, and well shaping.

 

Also, TPU coated fabric is good material that can be used to automatically produce an integral plastic vamp. It makes production automated for manufacturing the light, breathable, and fit vamp. It will also replace the mass of manpower with machine and change the footwear industry from labor intensive to technical intensive level. That will increase the production efficiency, reduce the loss, and enhance the competitiveness.

 

TPU coated fabric is material that is good for the environment, and its well shaping property can let the production be economical and competitive.

 

TPU fabric is one of Jiunn Jang’s popular products, not only environmental but fashion on shoes. Many customers are asking about this material. If you are also interested in TPU coated fabrics, welcome to contact us for more information.

 

 

Jiunn Jang Textile Co., Ltd.

No.422 Sec.1Doou Chong RD. Tien Chung Chen Chang Hua Hsien Taiwan R.O.C.

TEL: 886-48762686, 8742082

FAX: 886-4-8742780

Applications and Overview about Fiberglass Cloth

There are a variety of applications for industrial fabrics when weight, strength, and durability are important, and one common solution to these needs is fiberglass cloth. Fiberglass cloth is a strong and durable woven textile used mainly for industrial, non-apparel applications. Its unique set of valuable properties makes it ideal for many industrial uses, such as for the interiors of circuit boards and conveyor belts.

 

Fiberglass cloth is woven in various configurations from four basic weave patterns, called plain, leno, satin, and basket. It is sold in rolls that range in length from 150 feet (45 meters) to 9,000 feet (2740 meters), and in many different widths. It also offers a wide choice of controlled properties depending on the industry it will be used in.

 

Fiberglass clothes have numerous applications as thermal insulation, electrical insulation in the electronics industry, and even as a component in armor plating on U.S. Military vehicles, helmets, and aircraft carrier decks. Light-weight cloths also provide a smooth finish and are ideal for producing a waterproof layer over wood or other surfaces, such as are needed in boat repair and other marine applications.

 

Perhaps the most notable quality of fiberglass cloth itself is its high tolerance of extreme heat. It not only dissipates radiant heat with remarkable efficiency, but some types of cloth can withstand temperatures of up to 3000 degrees Fahrenheit (1648 degrees C) for as long as a minute. Another notable attribute of fiberglass fabric is its high tensile strength. At a much lower weight and cost, it has a greater tensile strength than steel wire of similar diameter. Also, fiberglass cloth is composed of inorganic materials, making it impervious to damage from sunlight, bacteria, or fungus of any kind.

 

Glass fibers are known to produce fabrics with excellent dimensional stability as well, meaning that fiberglass fabric stretches only very minimally under stress- usually about three percent or less. Like glass itself, fiberglass is highly resistant to most harsh industrial chemicals. Oddly enough, despite its resilience and resistance to almost every possible type of industrial hazard, it is important that fiberglass cloth be rolled onto a tube for shipment, and not folded, regardless of how large or small the order may be. Folding it for shipment can damage the cloth where it is creased. If this one precaution is followed, the structural integrity of the fabric will be preserved to provide strength or protection in whatever context it is needed for.

 

Taiwan Electric Insulator Co. Ltd. (TEI) is a world leading manufacturer of composite fabrics and fiberglass cloth, with the technology, knowledge and ability to produce the highest grade products to specific customers’ needs and requirements. If you are interested in or need further information about fiberglass cloth, welcome to visit our website and feel free to contact TEI to obtain more details!

 

Article Source: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-fiberglass-cloth.htm

 

How to Make a Chenille Patch?

The monogrammed jackets representing a university or sports team look cool and trendy, and partially thanks to the chenille patches. Chenille weaving is done by a special machine using cotton, acrylic, or even silk yarn. The uniqueness of this fabric is its fuzzy softness, much like a caterpillar’s fur. Interestingly, this fabric borrows its name from the French word for caterpillar.

 

Various Uses of Chenille Patches

Sports patches seen on the lettering or emblems of jackets are often made of chenille. The piece of chenille fabric is layered over a felt base, usually in a contrasting color to help the patch stand out even more. The use of chenille patches, however, is not limited to sports apparel. You can also fix these patches on other garments as well, and even to blankets or backpacks.

 

Making a Chenille Lettering Patch

Materials Needed:

  • Lettering stencil
  • Chenille fabric
  • Felt fabric (preferably in contrasting color to the chenille)
  • Pencil
  • Cutter
  • Cutting mat
  • Sewing and embroidery machine
  • Double-sided fusible
  • Iron

 

Steps to Follow

  1. First decide on which garment you want to affix the chenille patch and pick a lettering stencil of a suitable size.
  2. Trace the desired letter on the reverse of the chenille fabric. Use the cutter and cutting mat to cut out your pattern.
  3. Use a size larger stencil to trace the same letter on the felt fabric, but do not cut this out yet.
  4. Place the chenille patch over the felt patch, making sure to align the edges perfectly. Use an adhesive to secure the two pieces of fabric in place.
  5. Use an embroidery machine to create a border for the chenille piece. A thread in a contrasting color will give a striking effect. Repeat the same to outline the felt piece with thread in another color.
  6. Now carefully cut the felt patch from the bottom fabric, ensuring that the embroidery thread remains intact.
  7. Trace the outline of your patch onto a double-sided fusible and cut it out.
  8. Peel off one side of the fusible and iron it onto the back of your letter patch.
  9. Peel off the other side of the fusible and place it over the garment on which you want to fix the patch.
  10. Place a Teflon sheet over the chenille embroidered patch as protection and run a hot iron over it for a few seconds until it firmly adheres to the bottom surface.

 

DIY Chenille Patches

Your handmade chenille applique garment is now ready to wear. The soft feel of the patch combined with the contrasting colors you selected are sure to bring out the uniqueness of your garment.

 

Tip: If you want to go in for an even more interesting combination, pick a printed piece of chenille fabric, or even go a step further in your DIY endeavor and embroider a chosen design over the completed patch. There is no limit to your creativity while making your own chenille patch.

 

If you are not good at DIY but want to custom a wonderful Chenille Patch, welcome to visit the website of Dah Jeng Embroidery – providing various embroidery patches and chenille patches. Contact Dah Jeng to obtain further details now!

 

Article Source: http://www.ebay.com/gds/How-to-Make-a-Chenille-Patch-/10000000205732138/g.html

 

Introduction of Unidirectional Fabric

A unidirectional (UD) fabric is one in which the majority of fibres run in one direction only. A small amount of fibre or other material may run in other directions with the main intention being to hold the primary fibres in position, although the other fibres may also offer some structural properties. Some weavers of 0/90° fabrics term a fabric with only 75% of its weight in one direction as a unidirectional, whilst for others the unidirectional designation only applies to those fabrics with more than 90% of the fibre weight in one direction. Unidirectionals usually have their primary fibres in the 0° direction (along the roll ­ a warp UD) but can also have them at 90° to the roll length (a weft UD).

 

True unidirectional fabrics offer the ability to place fibre in the component exactly where it is required, and in the optimum quantity (no more or less than required). As well as this, UD fibres are straight and uncrimped. This results in the highest possible fibre properties from a fabric in composite component construction. For mechanical properties, unidirectional fabrics can only be improved on by prepreg unidirectional tape, where there is no secondary material at all holding the unidirectional fibres in place. In these prepreg products only the resin system holds the fibres in place.

 

Unidirectional Construction

 

There are various methods of maintaining the primary fibres in position in a unidirectional including weaving, stitching, and bonding. As with other fabrics, the surface quality of a unidirectional fabric is determined by two main factors: the combination of tex and thread count of the primary fibre and the amount and type of the secondary fibre. The drape, surface smoothness and stability of a fabric are controlled primarily by the construction style, while the area weight, porosity and (to a lesser degree) wet out are determined by selecting the appropriate combination of fibre tex and numbers of fibres per cm.

 

Warp or weft unidirectionals can be made by the stitching process. However, in order to gain adequate stability, it is usually necessary to add a mat or tissue to the face of the fabric. Therefore, together with the stitching thread required to assemble the fibres, there is a relatively large amount of secondary, parasitic material in this type of UD fabric, which tends to reduce the laminate properties. Furthermore the high cost of set up of the 0° layer of a stitching line and the relatively slow speed of production means that these fabrics can be relatively expensive.

 

TEI provides high quality Structural UD Fabric and UD Aramid Woven for customers. If you need more details about unidirectional fabrics, welcome to visit our website and feel free to contact Taiwan Electric Insulator Co. Ltd.

 

Article Source: http://netcomposites.com/guide-tools/guide/reinforcements/unidirectional-fabric/

 

Carbon Fiber Fabric: Unmatched Durability and Strength

Carbon fiber fabric is often considered to be one of the most significant inventions of the 20th century. Any manufactured item that requires being extremely strong and lightweight at the same time, probably makes use of it. In fact, it is so strong that it easily exceeds the maximum strength of even the strongest metals like titanium and steel.

 

What is Carbon Fiber Fabric?

 

It is derived from thousands of strands of carbon fiber. For manufacturing, millions of carbon atoms are bonded together in crystals that are more or less aligned parallel to the long axis of the fiber as the crystal alignment gives the fiber high strength-to-volume ratio ultimately making it extremely strong. The bundles of these fibers are then combined together to form a tow, which in further woven into a fabric. This is then given specific shapes by molding them with the use of epoxy resin along with other framing materials like aluminum and polymers.

 

Types of Carbon Fiber Fabric

 

Different types of products require different levels of fiber strength and depending upon these requirements, the right kind of it is used. There are primarily three categories: High Modulus (Aerospace Grade), Intermediate Modulus and Standard Modulus (Commercial Grade). The most commonly produced between the three is the commercial grade fiber, which is considered to be sufficiently strong for use in most everyday objects.

 

Uses and applications of Carbon Fiber Fabric

 

Because of its lightweight and extreme strength, it has been used in thousands of products that require being extraordinarily durable. From the exteriors of rockets and satellites to a simple product like a laptop case, it is used commonly in the manufacture of countless number of products. In fact, a lot of modern manufacturers have already made use of it on products that were manufactured by the use of metals like steel and titanium in the past. From sports items like tennis racquets to automobile exteriors and bicycle frames, the use of carbon fiber fabric is now more widespread than ever before.

 

Future of the Carbon Fiber Fabric

 

The consumption of carbon fiber fabric is only expected to grow in the near future. With the cost of production already declining, the use of it is expected to be more widespread in the near future. With customers already demanding more durable and safer products, the demand for it is extremely high. Thus, it will probably be an important part of the future of humanity.

 

In fact, Carbon Fiber Fabric is very strong and it can easily exceed the maximum strength of even the strongest metals like titanium and steel etc. used in the past.

 

Taiwan Electric Insulator specializes in carbon fiber fabric which is widely applied in sports, precision watch manufacturing, robotics, aerospace, flat panels, modelling, motor sports, aircraft, ship, automotive engineering, and more. The type of carbon fiber fabric is divided into 1K, 3K, 6K, 12K, 24K and glitter. It is committed to provide superior quality carbon fiber fabric to meet the complete needs of the customers. If you need further details about Carbon Fiber Fabric, welcome to visit our website and feel free to contact Taiwan Electric Insulator.

 

 

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9351204

 

Narrow Fabrics – Different Purposes & Industry Demand

If you are looking for elastic for your lower, ribbon to decorate your kid’s b’day dress, webbing for your bags, laces, trims etc, then yes; you are looking for narrow fabrics that comes in various colors and designs. Now what the narrow fabric is? It is nothing but the strip of thin fabric that does not exceed 12 inches in width. It can be woven, knitted or braided. Different fabrics such as cotton, nylon, polyester etc. are used by the narrow fabric manufacturers.

 

Narrow fabric is widely used in all types of industries such as jewelry, beauty, decoration, military, travel and so on either for decoration or support & safety. Each day every industry is doing experiments and finding out improved version of it for these purposes. Like leather cords in jewelry industry having exquisite designs and colors are in vogue. Garment industry requires expressly looking laces & ribbons for trendy garments. Along with this woven fabric having beautiful patterns and colors can be spotted easily.

 

Decoration

 

Decoration whether individual, on fabric or for home is one area that seeks the attention of everyone. You can easily find a nice dress having laces & ribbons. Apart from this, laces can be found on handbags, lingerie, bed & bedding furnishings and other textile furnishings. Garment & furniture upholstery use narrow woven fabric called ribbons and tapes to decorate their products. Now if you talk about home decor with narrow fabrics for decoration, then there is nothing better than wicks and mantels. You clear surface can be beautify further with these small artifacts.

 

  • Ribbons
  • Laces
  • Tapes
  • Trims
  • Fringes
  • Wicks & Mantels

 

Safety

 

Safety is one area where narrow woven fabrics play an important role. In military there is much demand for cotton narrow fabrics that are used for safety. Cords and straps are made to tie things and used in packing also. Wherein lanyard is a piece of rope that is especially used in ships.

  • Cords
  • Straps
  • Lanyard

 

Support

 

Narrow fabrics in support & safety cannot be differentiated much. Narrow woven fabrics that are used in sports industry are considered under the support category. Webbings, which are made from closely woven fabrics is used to fasten anything. So rock climbing, trekking, swimming and other such adventurous sports are not untouched from this industry. You can find cotton webbings, jute, nylon, plastic webbings, reflective webbing and many more webbings from different fabrics and in ultimate designs. But in each case very high quality fabric with durability and strength is required. Elastic fabric is extensively used in any kind of garment. Wide range of elastic is thus used in garment industry. Narrow fabrics for support and safety are also used in aerospace, footwear industry and for industrial safety. For safety and support these are checked for stretch tolerance, tension tolerance, and yield, pick & stitch tolerance. There is no such industry at present that does not use the narrow fabrics.

 

  • Webbings
  • Elastic

 

Established in 1993, Maw Chawg Enterprise Co., Ltd. the world’s No. 1 professional yarn supply workshop with world-class for elastic yarns which located in North Chang-Hua. Our primary products are spandex covered yarns and metallic yarns which have belong to a vital link in the spinning supply chain and takes an important part in global textile industries in the worldwide. Maw Chawg yarns are widely used in the productions of woof and chain, ex: elastic narrow, narrow fabric, lingerie, swimwear, socks, and many kind of fabric etc., the capacity on all production lines can be easily adjusted to meet customer requests. To learn more details about narrow fabric and other yarns, welcome to visit our website and feel free to contact us!

 

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/2889646

 

Composite Fabric Solutions from Taiwan Electric Insulator

Taiwan Electric Insulator specializes in composite fabrics and aramid fabrics to meet the highest level of customers’ satisfaction. Taiwan Electric Insulator has a vast range of specific material for your needs, from electroplated glass-fiber, the latest bulletproof aramid fabrics to high spec carbon fiber and carbon modulus. Evolution and technical advancements are keys to this industry, and we look forward to helping you accomplish your individual dream. We possess the advanced production facilities to manufacture superior composite fabric products available in assortment of patterns and colors. We have a highly skilled team who is dedicated to developing new and innovative composite fabric to keep pace with the ever-changing market. To ensure the excellent quality delivered to the customers, the composite fabric is thoroughly checked before dispatch. Learn more details about composite fabric by visiting the product section.